This chart from Jonathan Hopkin shows little correlation between spending levels and deficits:
Now, I wouldn’t draw any grand conclusions from the experience of 2007-2010 because it was rather unusual. Still, interesting, especially given that the US is a low-spending, low-tax country.
From CBPP, a chart factoring in state, local, and federal taxes:
And just for fun, here’s a Citizens for Tax Justice chart showing who pays (state, local, and federal) taxes by income level: